Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
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Derniers articles :
Civil society groups condemn renewed threat to demolish Port Harcourt waterfront Communities - Social Action - 27 January 2010
Memorandum on the Petroleum Industry Bill 2009 Submitted to the House of Representatives - 28 juillet 2009
L’industrie pétrolière a apporté la pauvreté et la pollution au delta du Niger - Amnesty International - 30 juin 2009
Oil industry has brought poverty and pollution to Niger Delta - Amnesty International - 30 June 2009
NLC Supports Amnesty - Nigeria Labour Congress - NLC - 28 June 2009
Why We Are Resuming Rallies and Mass Protest - Nigeria Labour Congress - NLC - 14 June 2009
Abusers Reign at Midterm - Human Rights Watch - 7 June 2009
On-Going Protests By The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and Civil Society Organisations - Trade Union Congress of Nigeria - TUC - 18 mai 2009
CDWR Calls for Significant Reduction in Prices of Petroleum Products - Campaign for Democratic and Workers’ Rights in Nigeria (CDWRN) - 29 January 2009
La proposition d’interdiction des unions homosexuelles est une attaque contre les droits humains - Amnesty International - 28 janvier 2009
Nigeria’s proposed ban on same-sex partnerships an assault on human rights - Amnesty International - 28 January 2009
Arbitrary Killings by Security Forces in Jos - Human Rights Watch - 19 December 2008
Voir également :
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Afrique : insécurité, troubles politiques et conflits armés à l’origine de violations des droits syndicaux
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Africa: Insecurity, political unrest and armed conflict at the root of trade union rights violations
VIH - SIDA : Visite de M. François Fillon au Cameroun et au Nigeria
Habitat : Forced evictions reach crisis levels
Habitat : Les expulsions forcées atteignent un niveau critique
Environnement - lutte contre le changement climatique : Resolution of FoEI Conference on Climate Change
Habitat : A Joint Appeal to African Ministers on urban housing
Lutte contre l’impunité : Will This End Impunity In West Africa?
Multinationales - Pillage des ressources : Sao Tomé et Nigeria : Une enquête révèle un manque de transparence et des fautes graves dans la concession des blocs pétroliers
Multinationales - Pillage des ressources : São Tomé and Nigeria: Inquiry finds lack of transparency and serious flaws in oil licensing round
Habitat : Les expulsions forcées : un scandale en termes de droits humains
Habitat : Forced evictions are a human rights scandal
Afrique de l’Ouest : New african gas pipeline worries civil society
Droits Humains - Démocratie : Halte à la destabilisation des Institutions de l’Union Africaine et de la CEDEAO par le Président Olusegun Obansanjo
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Déclaration commune du Congrès du travail du Nigeria (NLC), de la Confédération des syndicats sud-africains (COSATU) et du Congrès des syndicats du Ghana (TUC)
Site(s) web :
Environmental Rights Action - Friends of the Earth Nigeria (ERA) :
Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC) :
African Network for Environment and Economic Justice :
Campaign for Democratic and Workers’ Rights in Nigeria (CDWRN) :
Remember Saro-Wiwa :
BAOBAB For Women’s Human Rights :
Nigeria Social Forum :
Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform :
Social Action :
Dernier(s) document(s) :
Beyond Amnesty: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta, 2009 - Published for Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform by Social Action - 13 January 2010 (PDF - 3.1 Mb)
Leaving The Debt: Nigeria’s External Borrowing And The Call For Moratorium - Social Action Briefing - 20 October 2009 (PDF - 354.3 kb)
Flames of Hell: Gas flaring in the Niger Delta - By Social Action - 21 August 2009 (PDF - 4.6 Mb)
Nigeria: Petroleum, Pollution and Poverty in the Niger Delta - By Amnesty International - 30 June 2009 (PDF - 791.2 kb)
The Human Rights Impact of Local Government Corruption and Mismanagement in Rivers State, Nigeria - A report by Human Rights Watch - 31 January 2007 (PDF - 1 Mb)
Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis - Africa Report by International Crisis Group - 28 September 2006 (PDF - 1.3 Mb)
The Shell Report: Continuing Abuses-10 Years After Ken Saro-Wiwa - by Environmental Rights Action (ERA)/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (FoEN) - 8 November 2005 (PDF - 2.4 Mb)
Violence in Nigeria’s Oil Rich Rivers State in 2004 - A Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper - February 2005 (PDF - 258.3 kb)
Firing of Anti-Corruption Czar Won’t Fix Agency
Broad Reforms Needed to Make Commission Credible
23 November 2011
Human Rights Watch - http://www.hrw.org/
The sudden dismissal of Nigeria’s controversial anti-corruption chairman will not fix the troubled agency she led, Human Rights Watch said today. The government should carry out broad institutional reforms if Nigeria is to make real progress against corruption.
On November 23, 2011, President Goodluck Jonathan dismissed Farida Waziri, chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC). The commission’s record in fighting high-level corruption has been consistently disappointing under both Waziri and her well-regarded predecessor, Nuhu Ribadu, Human Rights Watch said. Partly due to the commission’s own failures, it has been largely unable to secure convictions against senior government officials charged with corruption. As Human Rights Watch showed in a recent report on the institution’s problems, broader institutional failures – such as executive interference and judiciary inefficiency – will need to be addressed if the commission is to improve its anti-corruption record, Human Rights Watch said.
“The EFCC’s mandate is to fight corruption that the political system actually rewards, and to accomplish that by working through institutions that are either broken or compromised,” said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “That’s an almost impossible job no matter who is in charge.”
The commission, established in 2003, is the only government institution that has publicly challenged the longtime impunity of Nigeria’s ruling elite. It has arraigned 35 nationally prominent political figures on corruption charges, including 19 former state governors. But many of those cases have made little progress in the courts, and not a single politician is currently serving prison time for any of these alleged crimes. The commission has secured four convictions of senior political officials since 2003, but they have faced relatively little or no prison time.
The Jonathan administration should present legislative amendments granting tenure security to the commission chairman, Human Rights Watch said. The institution can never be truly independent if the president can dismiss its chairman at will. The government should also bolster Nigeria’s other key anti-corruption institutions, the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offenses Commission and the Code of Conduct Bureau.
Nigeria’s weak and overburdened judiciary has also been an obstacle to effective prosecutions. Most of the corruption cases against high-level political figures have been stalled in the courts for years, with their trials not even begun. In early November, Nigeria’s new Supreme Court chief justice, Dahiru Musdapher, took a long overdue initiative by instructing judges to expedite corruption cases, giving them a six-month deadline to complete these cases.
The government should build on this promising initiative by beginning the long-term process of repairing the battered federal court system, reforming federal criminal procedure, and examining ways consistent with due process rights to establish special courts or designating specific judges to hear only corruption cases, Human Rights Watch said. Human Rights Watch has also called on Jonathan to pledge publicly not to interfere in the EFCC’s work and to support aggressive efforts to fight corruption no matter who is implicated. Past governments have openly interfered in key anti-corruption cases, discouraging the commission from acting as aggressively as it otherwise might.
“One of the EFCC’s greatest weaknesses has been its lack of independence and susceptibility to political pressure,” Bekele said. “President Jonathan’s sudden firing of Farida Waziri will only make that problem worse unless the government pushes through reforms to bolster both the EFCC and the other institutions it depends on.”
Waziri was appointed in 2008 in controversial circumstances after Nuhu Ribadu was forced from office in apparent reprisal for his attempted prosecution of a powerful former governor, James Ibori. Waziri has been widely criticized as ineffective and politically beholden, but in the months leading up to her sudden ouster she initiated a flurry of prosecutions against senior political figures. In October the commission arraigned four former state governors and a serving senator on corruption charges, and in June the agency filed corruption charges against the former speaker and deputy speaker of the House of Representatives – all of them members of the ruling People’s Democratic Party. During Waziri’s three-and-a-half years in office, the agency arraigned 21 senior political figures on corruption charges but only secured two convictions in these cases. Her four-year term in office was due to expire in May 2012.
Endemic corruption at all levels has kept Nigerians mired in poverty despite the country’s considerable oil wealth. Human Rights Watch research has documented how political corruption in Nigeria fuels violence, police abuse and denial of basic health and education services.
For more Human Rights Watch reporting on Nigeria, please visit: http://www.hrw.org/africa/nigeria
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