Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
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Derniers articles :
Firing of Anti-Corruption Czar Won’t Fix Agency - Human Rights Watch - 23 November 2011
Civil society groups condemn renewed threat to demolish Port Harcourt waterfront Communities - Social Action - 27 January 2010
Memorandum on the Petroleum Industry Bill 2009 Submitted to the House of Representatives - 28 juillet 2009
L’industrie pétrolière a apporté la pauvreté et la pollution au delta du Niger - Amnesty International - 30 juin 2009
NLC Supports Amnesty - Nigeria Labour Congress - NLC - 28 June 2009
Why We Are Resuming Rallies and Mass Protest - Nigeria Labour Congress - NLC - 14 June 2009
Abusers Reign at Midterm - Human Rights Watch - 7 June 2009
On-Going Protests By The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and Civil Society Organisations - Trade Union Congress of Nigeria - TUC - 18 mai 2009
CDWR Calls for Significant Reduction in Prices of Petroleum Products - Campaign for Democratic and Workers’ Rights in Nigeria (CDWRN) - 29 January 2009
La proposition d’interdiction des unions homosexuelles est une attaque contre les droits humains - Amnesty International - 28 janvier 2009
Nigeria’s proposed ban on same-sex partnerships an assault on human rights - Amnesty International - 28 January 2009
Arbitrary Killings by Security Forces in Jos - Human Rights Watch - 19 December 2008
Voir également :
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Afrique : insécurité, troubles politiques et conflits armés à l’origine de violations des droits syndicaux
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Africa: Insecurity, political unrest and armed conflict at the root of trade union rights violations
VIH - SIDA : Visite de M. François Fillon au Cameroun et au Nigeria
Habitat : Forced evictions reach crisis levels
Habitat : Les expulsions forcées atteignent un niveau critique
Environnement - lutte contre le changement climatique : Resolution of FoEI Conference on Climate Change
Habitat : A Joint Appeal to African Ministers on urban housing
Lutte contre l’impunité : Will This End Impunity In West Africa?
Multinationales - Pillage des ressources : Sao Tomé et Nigeria : Une enquête révèle un manque de transparence et des fautes graves dans la concession des blocs pétroliers
Multinationales - Pillage des ressources : São Tomé and Nigeria: Inquiry finds lack of transparency and serious flaws in oil licensing round
Habitat : Les expulsions forcées : un scandale en termes de droits humains
Habitat : Forced evictions are a human rights scandal
Afrique de l’Ouest : New african gas pipeline worries civil society
Droits Humains - Démocratie : Halte à la destabilisation des Institutions de l’Union Africaine et de la CEDEAO par le Président Olusegun Obansanjo
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Déclaration commune du Congrès du travail du Nigeria (NLC), de la Confédération des syndicats sud-africains (COSATU) et du Congrès des syndicats du Ghana (TUC)
Site(s) web :
Environmental Rights Action - Friends of the Earth Nigeria (ERA) :
Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC) :
African Network for Environment and Economic Justice :
Campaign for Democratic and Workers’ Rights in Nigeria (CDWRN) :
Remember Saro-Wiwa :
BAOBAB For Women’s Human Rights :
Nigeria Social Forum :
Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform :
Social Action :
Dernier(s) document(s) :
Beyond Amnesty: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta, 2009 - Published for Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform by Social Action - 13 January 2010 (PDF - 3.1 Mb)
Leaving The Debt: Nigeria’s External Borrowing And The Call For Moratorium - Social Action Briefing - 20 October 2009 (PDF - 354.3 kb)
Flames of Hell: Gas flaring in the Niger Delta - By Social Action - 21 August 2009 (PDF - 4.6 Mb)
Nigeria: Petroleum, Pollution and Poverty in the Niger Delta - By Amnesty International - 30 June 2009 (PDF - 791.2 kb)
The Human Rights Impact of Local Government Corruption and Mismanagement in Rivers State, Nigeria - A report by Human Rights Watch - 31 January 2007 (PDF - 1 Mb)
Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis - Africa Report by International Crisis Group - 28 September 2006 (PDF - 1.3 Mb)
The Shell Report: Continuing Abuses-10 Years After Ken Saro-Wiwa - by Environmental Rights Action (ERA)/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (FoEN) - 8 November 2005 (PDF - 2.4 Mb)
Violence in Nigeria’s Oil Rich Rivers State in 2004 - A Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper - February 2005 (PDF - 258.3 kb)
Oil industry has brought poverty and pollution to Niger Delta
30 June 2009
Amnesty International - http://www.amnesty.org
The oil industry in the Niger Delta of Nigeria has brought impoverishment, conflict, human rights abuses and despair to the majority of the people in the oil-producing areas, according to a new Amnesty International report.
Pollution and environmental damage caused by the oil industry have resulted in violations of the rights to health and a healthy environment, the right to an adequate standard of living (including the right to food and water) and the right to gain a living through work for hundreds of thousands of people.
Published on Tuesday, the report, Petroleum, pollution and poverty in the Niger Delta, also details how the Nigerian government is failing to hold oil companies to account for the pollution they have caused.
“Oil companies have been exploiting Nigeria’s weak regulatory system for too long,” said Audrey Gaughran of Amnesty International. “They do not adequately prevent environmental damage and they frequently fail to properly address the devastating impact that their bad practice has on people’s lives.”
The Niger Delta is one of the world’s 10 most important wetland and coastal marine ecosystems and is home to some 31 million people. It is also the location of massive oil deposits, which have been extracted for decades by the government of Nigeria and by multinational oil companies.
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) describes the region as suffering from “administrative neglect, crumbling social infrastructure and services, high unemployment, social deprivation, abject poverty, filth and squalor, and endemic conflict.” This poverty, and its contrast with the wealth generated by oil, has become one of the world’s starkest and most disturbing examples of the “resource curse”.
Oil has generated an estimated US$600 billion since the 1960s. Despite this, many people in the oil-producing areas have to drink, cook with and wash in polluted water, and eat fish contaminated with oil and other toxins.
“More than 60 per cent of people in the region depend on the natural environment for their livelihood,” said Audrey Gaughran “Yet, pollution by the oil industry is destroying the vital resource on which they depend.”
Oil pollution kills fish, their food sources and fish larvae, and damages the ability of fish to reproduce, causing both immediate damage and long-term harm to fish stocks. Oil pollution also damages fishing equipment.
Oil spills and waste dumping have also seriously damaged agricultural land. Long-term effects include damage to soil fertility and agricultural productivity, which in some cases can last for decades. In numerous cases, these long-term effects have undermined a family’s only source of livelihood.
The destruction of livelihoods and the lack of accountability and redress have led people to steal oil and vandalize oil infrastructure in an attempt to gain compensation or clean-up contracts.
Armed groups are increasingly demanding greater control of resources in the region, and engage in large-scale theft of oil and the ransoming of oil workers. Government reprisals against militancy and violence frequently involve excessive force, and communities are subjected to violence and collective punishment, deepening anger and resentment.
The oil industry in the Niger Delta involves both the government of Nigeria and subsidiaries of multinational companies. The Shell Petroleum Development Company (Shell), a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell, is the main operator on land. The majority of cases reported to, and investigated by, Amnesty International relate to Shell.
Oil spills, waste dumping, and gas flaring are notorious and endemic. Oil spills result from corrosion of oil pipes, poor maintenance of infrastructure, leaks and human error and at times are as a consequence of vandalism, theft of oil or sabotage.
The scale of pollution and environmental damage has never been properly assessed. The figures that do exist vary considerably depending on sources, but hundreds of spills occur each year. According to the UNDP, more than 6,800 spills were recorded between 1976 and 2001. According to the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency some 2,000 sites require treatment because of oil-related pollution. The real total may be higher.
The regulatory system in the Niger Delta is deeply flawed. Nigeria has laws and regulations that require companies to comply with internationally recognized standards of “good oil field practice”, and laws and regulations to protect the environment but these laws and regulations are poorly enforced. The government agencies responsible for enforcement are ineffective and, in some cases, compromised by conflicts of interest.
"The people of the Niger Delta have seen their human rights undermined by oil companies that their government cannot – or will not – hold to account.” said Audrey Gaughran “They have been systematically denied access to information about how oil exploration and production will affect them, and they are repeatedly denied access to justice."
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