Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
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Derniers articles :
Amend Draft Terror Law - Human Rights Watch - 30 June 2009
Le Parlement éthiopien adopte une nouvelle loi répressive sur les ONG - Amnesty International - 8 janvier 2009
Pardon granted for 38 opposition party members. FIDH calls for the release of all the other political prisonners - FIDH - 20 July 2007
Condamnation de prisonniers d’opinion et de défenseurs célèbres des droits humains - Amnesty International - 19 juin 2007
Prisoners of conscience and prominent human rights defender convicted - Amnesty International - 19 June 2007
Poursuite du procès des dirigeants de l’opposition, défenseurs des droits humains et journalistes - Amnesty International - 2 mai 2007
Trial of opposition leaders, human rights defenders and journalists continues - Amnesty International - 2 May 2007
Les autorités éthiopiennes interrompent l’Assemblée générale des enseignants - Education International Africa - Internationale de l’Education Afrique - 31 août 2006
Ethiopian authorities disrupt teachers’ General Assembly - Education International Africa - Internationale de l’Education Afrique - 30 August 2006
Le procès pour trahison de prisonniers d’opinion s’ouvre à Addis-Abeba - Amnesty International - 2 mai 2006
Treason trial of prisoners of conscience opens in Addis Ababa - Amnesty International - 2 May 2006
’Procès’ de prisonniers d’opinion - Amnesty International - 22 février 2006
Voir également :
Somalie : UN: Atrocities Fuel Worsening Crisis in Horn of Africa
Djibouti : Le Haut Commissariat aux Réfugiés (HCR) veut renvoyer à Djibouti, où leur vie serait en danger, des opposants au régime dictatorial qui y sévit
Somalie : People Fleeing Somalia War Secretly Detained
Somalie : Halte aux bombardements vindicatifs des Forces américaines !
Afrique de l’Est : Les défenseurs des droits humains créent un réseau de soutien à leurs collègues menacés
Afrique de l’Est : Human rights defenders form network of support for colleagues at risk
Dette : Dette des pays pauvres : la trahison du FMI
Site(s) web :
Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRC) :
Solidarity Committee for Ethiopian Political Prisoners :
Dernier(s) document(s) :
The Human Rights Situation in Ethiopia - By The Ethiopian Human Rights Council - 20 September 2007 (PDF - 1.6 Mb)
The Impact of The Poverty Reduction And Growth Facility On Social Services in Ethiopia - Study Report by Afrodad - 1 April 2006 (PDF - 123.8 kb)
Lessons in Repression : Violations of Academic Freedom in Ethiopia - A Report by Human Rights Watch - January 2003 (PDF - 494.2 kb)
Ethiopian parliament adopts repressive new NGO law
8 January 2009
Amnesty International - http://www.amnesty.org
The Ethiopian parliament has adopted a potentially repressive new law which could criminalise the human rights activities of both foreign and domestic non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
The Charities and Societies Proclamation law (CSO law), adopted on Tuesday, is designed to strictly control and monitor civil society in an atmosphere of intolerance of the work of human rights defenders and civil society organisations.
Previous drafts of the CSO law imposed strict government controls and harsh criminal penalties on NGOs. The final text of the law is not expected to substantially differ.
The Ethiopian government claims the CSO law addresses perceived inadequacies in the existing legal regime, promotes financial transparency and accountability, and provides "proper" administration and regulation of civil society. But it goes far beyond what should be necessary to legalize NGO standards.
The law’s repressive provisions are believed to be an attempt by the Ethiopian government to conceal human rights violations, stifle critics and prevent public protest of its actions ahead of expected elections in 2010.
Amnesty International also considers that the enforcement of certain provisions of the CSO law would violate international and regional human rights treaties to which Ethiopia is a party.
If enforced, the CSO law will criminalise human rights activities undertaken by Ethiopian organisations that receive more than ten percent of their funding from abroad.
The law will also criminalise human rights activities by foreign NGOs, including campaigning for gender equality, children’s rights, disabled persons’ rights and conflict resolution.
It will also impose disproportionate and criminal penalties for even minor administrative breaches of the law; establish a Charities and Societies Agency with broad discretionary power over civil society organizations; and allow government surveillance of, and interference in, the operation and management of civil society organisations.
The Ethiopian government’s human rights record became markedly worse after the disputed 2005 elections, when at least 187 demonstrators were killed and thousands were arrested, including scores of opposition parliamentarians, opposition party leaders, journalists and human rights defenders.
The majority of those arrested and tried were acquitted, or released post-conviction after presidential pardons were negotiated in 2007. But last week former judge and current leader of the new Unity for Democracy and Justice Party, Birtukan Mideksa, was re-arrested. She was told by the Ministry of Justice that her original sentence of life imprisonment would be reinstated.
Amnesty International has urged donor governments – including the US, the UK and France — and international organizations to condemn the new legislation, and to closely monitor its impact on human rights organizations operating in the country.
These governments should clearly state their intention to use their influence to prevent human rights violations from being committed in Ethiopia under the provisions of this law.
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