Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
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Derniers articles :
Economic crisis: rich countries block reform at UN summit - Bretton Woods Projet - 26 June 2009
Principales recommandations de la Société Civile - 24 juin 2009
Civil Society Key Recommendations - 24 June 2009
Comment saboter une conférence des Nations Unies - Attac France - 24 juin 2009
Mettons la finance à sa place ! - 1er février 2009
G20 : le nouveau consensus de Washington est arrivé - Attac France - 18 novembre 2008
Nouveaux principes et règles visant à renforcer un système économique qui défende les intérêts des populations et de la planète - 15 novembre 2008
Le chemin le plus sûr vers la justice sociale est le désarmement des marchés financiers - Attac France - 14 novembre 2008
Un autre monde est nécessaire et possible - Marche mondiale des femmes - 3 novembre 2008
Statement on the proposed “Global Summit” to reform the international financial system - 29 October 2008
Déclaration relative à la proposition de « Sommet mondial » pour réformer le système financier international - 29 octobre 2008
Voir également :
Sommets du G8 - G20 : Déclaration Finale du Forum des Peuples de Niono
Sommets du G8 - G20 : Les peuples d’abord, pas la finance
Forum social mondial de Tunis - mars 2013 : Déclaration de l’assemblée des mouvements sociaux
Forum social mondial de Tunis - mars 2013 : Consultation publique des axes du forum social mondial de Dakar
Madagascar : Communiqué de la FI.SE.MA.
Forum social mondial de Tunis - mars 2013 : Déclaration finale du 8ème Forum des peuples de Bandiagara au Mali
Afrique du Sud : Cosatu codemns interest rate freeze
Financement du développement - Aide publique : CONCORD statement on Council Conclusions on Supporting developing countries in coping with the crisis
Financement du développement - Aide publique : Face à la crise, les gouvernements européens tournent le dos aux pauvres
Financement du développement - Aide publique : European governments U-turn on the poor as economic crisis grips
Sommets du G8 - G20 : Un G 20 pour presque rien
Afrique du Sud : Resolution of the COSATU Central Executive Committee on the job-loss bloodbath arising from the global economic meltdown
Afrique du Sud : Cosatu says interest rate cut is too small
Forum social mondial de Tunis - mars 2013 : Nous ne payerons pas la crise ! Que les riches la paient !
Luttes des femmes : Déclaration de l’Assemblée des Femmes
Site(s) web :
CS Crisis Watch :
Dernier(s) document(s) :
Impact of the crisis on developing countries - CONCORD Briefing Paper - 28 February 2009 (PDF - 119.6 kb)
New Principles and Rules To Build an Economic System that Works for People and the Planet
15 November 2008
On November 15, the leaders of 20 nations and the major multilateral financial institutions will gather behind closed doors in Washington to discuss the future of the global economy. Led by outgoing U.S. President George W. Bush, this group includes many of the people, governments, and institutions whose policies are responsible for the current financial meltdown. As such, we believe they are the wrong group to be charged with reworking global economic rules and institutions. The world needs a process that is much more inclusive of other nations and the peoples of those nations.
This statement sketches an agenda for change that would resolve the crisis by putting people and the planet first. It starts from the experiences of groups and communities around the world. It speaks to a financial meltdown triggered in the very heart of the globalized capitalist economy that has combined with the growing crises of climate chaos and hunger, and that now reaches into every corner of the planet. This new crisis of predatory and unregulated “casino capitalism” is destroying jobs, lives and livelihoods, while wreaking havoc on currencies and stock markets around the world. It has taken resources from the many, while concentrating wealth in the hands of the few.
To date, governments have largely responded by spending more than one trillion dollars bailing out private financial institutions and corporations. Meanwhile, the crushing needs of communities, ordinary citizens and fragile ecosystems have been largely ignored.
Now is the time to learn from this experience and from the consequences and devastating impacts of other recent crises, such as the debt crisis unleashed in 1982 and the financial crises in Mexico (1994-95), Asia (1997-98), Russia (1998), and Argentina (1999-2002). History continues to repeat itself. This pattern, culminating in the current global crisis, demonstrates quite definitively that a real transformation of the system is required.
New rules and institutions should be created in an open and inclusive process of dialogue. They should be based on a new set of principles to guide economic activity. We offer an overview of those principles and an outline of new rules and institutions.
1. We need a new set of principles to support new national, regional and global financial institutions:
The following principles should underpin new rules and institutions:
Economic democracy and equity, including the development of local economies, and community control and protection of water, seeds, genes, air, communal lands, fisheries, and other “commons”;
On the basis of such principles, finance should be aimed at and linked to strengthening national and local real economies to meet the requirement of sustainable and equitable development. And governments should support innovative new regional financial bodies such as the South Bank in South America, which has the potential to serve the needs of those regions more effectively than the IMF and World Bank. Regional emergency funds are also needed to help ensure the food and energy sovereignty of nations.
2. Enough with market fundamentalism: the world doesn’t need another “Washington Consensus.” The so-called “Washington Consensus” that has preached deregulation, privatization, the over-leveraging of banks, and trade and capital liberalization over the past thirty years has been extremely damaging to workers, communities and the environment. It is discredited and should be officially abandoned. It should not be replaced with any new “one-size-fits-all” dogma.
Rich world leaders and institutions not only promoted the frenzy of deregulation and privatization in their own countries, but pushed it on developing countries through aid and loan conditionality. As they mobilize trillions of dollars to clean up the mess at home, they must do their fair share to redress the devastating impacts of their mistakes on the South. This should include cancellation of all unsustainable and illegitimate debts claimed from countries of the South and restitution and restoration of the social and ecological debts owed to peoples of the South. These resources, together with the rapid and full disbursement of previously scheduled aid increases, should be provided free of macroeconomic and structural conditions. The right of all countries to define their own paths toward sustainable and healthy economies must be respected. The onerous conditions attached to existing aid, loan, and debt-reduction programs should be removed before they do further damage.
3. Curb the power of the IMF, World Bank, and WTO: The present crisis has again demonstrated how we are all impacted by three powerful global institutions whose policies have been instrumental in its creation: the IMF, World Bank, and the WTO. Nonetheless, much of the current debate among financial institutions and governments involves giving them enhanced roles. The WTO, for example, continues to press for further deregulation and privatization of the financial sector, principally through its General Agreement on Trade in Services. For individual countries and the global community to adopt critical new regulations of the financial sector, not only should the WTO’s current Doha Round be suspended, but also existing WTO rules constraining regulation of financial services should be rolled back. Likewise, efforts by the IMF and World Bank to expand their influence as a result of the financial, climate, energy and food crises should be rejected. Furthermore, global, regional and national economic governance institutions must be democratic and accountable to the women and men they are supposed to serve.
4. Regulate the global economy effectively: Governments should take immediate action to develop a new international regulatory architecture with democratic checks and balances that is aimed at promoting the interests of workers, small-hold farmers, consumers, and the environment and preventing future financial crises; the United Nations should play a central role in its development. This should cover not just banks but also the parallel and under-regulated financial system, including hedge funds and private equity funds. Some first steps should include regulating derivatives, stopping speculation on staple food commodities, applying stricter international capital reserve requirements, a speculation tax on international transactions, closing tax havens, and stronger transparency rules. Governments will also need to renegotiate the dozens of free trade agreements and bilateral investment treaties that currently ban governments from placing controls on capital flows and applying other sensible conditions to foreign investment and other financial transactions.
Such steps are possible and many more will be needed to build a truly just global economic system that works for people everywhere, local communities, and the environment. This is the change that the world needs and for which we will continue to struggle.
>>> See over signatories
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