Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
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Derniers articles :
COSATU rejects new NAMA and Agricultural proposal presented on 25th July 2008 - COSATU - 25 July 2008
Pour résoudre la crise alimentaire, l’OMC pousse vers toujours plus de libéralisation : de l’huile sur le feu ! - Via Campesina - 23 juillet 2008
Trade union response to the Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) - 20 February 2008
Non aux accords de libre-échange, oui à la souveraineté alimentaire et aux droits des peuples ! - Via Campesina - 13 janvier 2008
Oxfam says US must reform illegal cotton subsidies, or lose credibility, following WTO panel ruling - Oxfam - 15 October 2007
Non reprieve for small farmers in WTO draft text - Focus on the Global South - 18 July 2007
Reform of US cotton subsidies could feed, educate millions in poor west African countries - Oxfam - 21 June 2007
Arrêtez les jeux de pouvoir de l’AGCS contre les citoyens du monde ! - 15 juin 2007
Les Syndicats appellent à une Action sur le Coton - Confédération syndicale internationale (CSI) - 16 mars 2007
Les pays riches trahissent leur engagement d’aider les pays pauvres à protéger la santé publique - Oxfam - 14 novembre 2006
Rich countries betraying their obligations to help poor countries protect public health - Oxfam - 14 November 2006
Cinq ans après, l’accord OMC sur l’accès aux médicaments est un échec - Act Up-Paris - 7 novembre 2006
Voir également :
Sommets du G8 - G20 : Déclaration Finale du Forum des Peuples de Niono
Forum social mondial de Tunis - mars 2013 : Déclaration de l’assemblée des mouvements sociaux
Environnement - lutte contre le changement climatique : Les milliers de solutions se trouvent entre les mains des peuples
Santé : En signant ACTA, la France condamnerait l’accès aux médicaments génériques dans les pays en développement
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : Standing Firm and Acting Together Against EPAs !
Sommets du G8 - G20 : Challenge to the G8 Governments
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : Rethink unfair EU trade deals before it’s too late
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : Call to action against Europe’s aggressive economic agenda in Africa
Agriculture - Accès à la terre - Souveraineté alimentaire - Accaparement des terres : Une réponse à la crise mondiale des prix alimentaires : l’agriculture familiale durable peut nourrir le monde
Agriculture - Accès à la terre - Souveraineté alimentaire - Accaparement des terres : A response to the Global Food Prices Crisis: Sustainable family farming can feed the world
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : EU trade agreements pose huge threat to development, campaigners warn
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : Sommet euro-africain de Lisbonne : le sursaut
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : Africa-Europe - What alternatives? Final Declaration
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : Afrique Europe : Quelles alternatives ? Déclaration finale
Europe/ACP - Accords de Cotonou - APE : Afrique-Europe – Quelles alternatives ?
Site(s) web :
Third World Network Africa :
Dakar Déclaration - Pour des politiques agricoles et commerciales solidaires :
Unité de Recherche, de Formation et d’Information sur la Globalisation :
Gender and Trade in Africa (GENTA) :
Public Citizen - Global Trade Watch :
Action for Southern Africa (ACTSA) :
Alternative Information and Development Centre (AIDC) :
EcoNews Africa :
Integrated Social Development Center (ISODEC) :
International Labour Research and Information Group :
International NGO Campaign on Export Credit Agencies (ECA Watch) :
Stop-Think-Resist EPAs’ campaign :
Trade and Development Studies (TRADES) :
Water Not For Sale :
Dernier(s) document(s) :
Des brevets contre des patients: cinq ans après la Déclaration de Doha - Document d’information d’Oxfam International - 14 November 2006 (PDF - 373.7 kb)
L’Afrique et le Cycle de Doha, Un combat pour la sauvegarde du développement - Document d’information Oxfam - 14 November 2005 (PDF - 416 kb)
Africa and the Doha Round: Fighting to keep development alive - Oxfam Briefing Paper - 14 November 2005 (PDF - 276.3 kb)
No Investment Negotiations at the WTO
African Civil Society Declaration - Accra - May 16, 2003
16 May 2003
We, members of civil society organizations from Africa, adding our voice to those from many other developing and developed countries, explicitly reject the launch of negotiations on investment and the other Singapore Issues at the Ministerial Conference in Cancun this September.
We have gathered from a broad spectrum of civil society groups, including groups working on development, environment, faith-based, social, labor, human rights, food security, gender, and youth and students, rural and indigenous community issues. We have met over three days in Accra, in the wake of similar gatherings in Geneva and Brasilia, and in the shadow of extreme imperial unilateralism and expansionism expressed in the escalation of military globalisation and have reached the following conclusions.
Previous attempts to negotiate a multilateral agreement on investment, including the failed Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI), have been rejected by civil society around the world as focused on investor protections and for failing to address poverty reduction, gender equity, sustainable development, and corporate accountability and liability.
Discussions to date within the WTO’s Working Group on the Relationship between Trade and Investment indicate that some WTO Members such as the EU, US and Japan are similarly focused on granting greater rights to transnational investors to hold themselves above national decisions on development priorities, macroeconomic policy, environmental directives, and implementation of international human rights law and norms.
Most, if not all, developed countries have made use of policy tools, such as performance requirements, to ensure that incoming investment would help to develop infant industries, enhance export capacities, and promote inward technology transfers, and yet many developed countries now seek to "kick away the development ladder" by denying developing countries the right to use similar policies. This stands to undermine the developmental efforts of African and other developing countries.
Existing international investor protection rules in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and hundreds of bilateral investment agreements, as well as in provisions in contracts and loan agreements, are being used to challenge and seek compensation for governmental actions that are essential to achieving a just and sustainable future. This is a problem that Affects both developing and developed countries. The filing of new claims by corporate investors in international arbitration is increasing at an alarming rate.
While the threats to regulatory prerogatives of governments - and thereby the development agenda countries of Africa and the global South - is clear, there is little if any empirical evidence that adopting the types of investor protection rules being discussed at the WTO and negotiated in the Free Trade Area of the Americas and elsewhere will lead to any increase in the amount or quality of investment flows.
Africa is at the sharp end of these threats to sovereign development. The extension and imposition of investment rules that subvert sovereign oversight and regulation of inflows and outflows of capital will exacerbate the financial imbalances suffered by African countries attendant on the introduction of Structural Adjustment Policies. Similar policies have been the driving force behind ’emerging market’ financial crashes of the type witnessed in Asia in 1998. A WTO Investment Agreement, with its insistence on investor liberation and protection, and its regulation and narrowing of governmental policy autonomy, all but guarantees new levels of economic and social catastrophe in Africa, which will make the Asian crises, seem benign.
This is why African civil society organisations and governments have been at the forefront of resistance to Investment and other new issues - particularly Government Procurement; Competition Policy and Trade Facilitation - at the WTO since the Singapore ministerial in 1996. The position of African governments will continue to be of vital importance in determining the agreement or otherwise on investment and other Singapore issues at the WTO. Since a decision to proceed with Singapore issues at Cancun can only be taken on the basis of explicit consensus, African countries collectively and individually, have the means to uphold the interest of their people by blocking the launch of negotiations on these issues.
We reiterate that the WTO is the wrong forum for global investment talks. Investment is not a trade issue. Besides, the imbalance and abuse of power in the WTO which has always been used against the interest of African and other developing countries will ensure that the investment agreement likely to emerge in the WTO will be negative to the interests of the developing countries while promoting the interests of the major developed economies and their big companies. These imbalances and abuses explain why the WTO is in the midst of a crisis, as it is not making progress on issues of fundamental importance to developing countries and many other constituencies. Thus adding the Singapore issues (investment, competition, transparency in government procurement and trade facilitation) to an already crowded agenda will prevent the WTO from undertaking the reforms and rebalancing necessary.
Finally, WTO negotiations on investment and the other Singapore issues would result in rules that developing countries in particular do not need and cannot afford.
Therefore, we call upon the Members of the World Trade Organization to:
Explicitly reject the launch of negotiations on investment and the other Singapore Issues at the Ministerial Conference in Cancun this September,
Reject the NAFTA/MAI type investment agreement, and proposals for similar agreements as contained in the Cotonou ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreement, as well as the US- African Growth and Opportunity Act.
We call on African governments to
Offer decisive united leadership in the definitive defeat of the attempt to launch the Singapore issues at Cancun,
Actively promote participation of domestic citizens and their civil organisations as the only viable process for sustainable and equitable national and continental development and regional integration,
Strengthen their efforts to formulate and promote appropriate national, regional and continental development strategies as an effective engagement with and challenge to the currently dominant trade regime and institutions,
Approach investment primarily as the mobilisation of domestic resources to enhance the productive capacities of African economic actors, the human and environmental welfare of Africa, and the economic and social opportunities of African citizens’.
We call on African civil society organisations to join the campaign against investment and other Singapore issues at the WTO.
Signatories: CECIDE, P O Box 1634, Conakry, Guinea / CCITAD, P O Box 10210, Kano, Nigeria / GENTA, Johannesburg, South Africa / MWANZA, Tanzania / Ghana Agricultural Workers Union, Accra / Oxfam Senegal / ADEETels, Dakar, Senegal / AIDC, Mowbray, South Africa / RODI-Kenya, Ruiru / GRAMPITC, N’Djamena, Chad / FEEC, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal / ISODEC, Accra, Ghana / Oxfam GB / SALID, Yaounde, Cameroon / Association for Local Development in Rabat, Morocco / CEDA, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso / Intermon/Oxfam, Chad / Institute of Economic Affairs, Nairobi, Kenya / Kenya Human Rights Commission / Third World Network - Africa / Third World Network - Malaysia / ECONEWS AFRICA, Nairobi, Kenya / ENDA Syspro II, Dakar, Senegal / LEAT, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania / ILRIG, Cape Town, South Africa / Novib, Netherlands
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