libération afrique
Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
 

Accueil | Qui sommes nous ? | Actualité | Dossiers | Pays | Liens
 
Enregistrer au format PDF   afficher une version imprimable de cet article

Kenya


Kenya Human Rights Commission - KHRC



Abonnez-vous à la
lettre d'information
de Libération Afrique




Derniers articles :

Uhuru Kenyatta devant les juges de la CPI : les victimes demandent la vérité et la justice - Kenya human Rights Commission - FIDH - 10 octobre 2014
Uhuru Kenyatta before the ICC judges: Victims need truth and justice - Kenya human Rights Commission - FIDH - 8 October 2014
A call to avert development induced poverty as is a common consequence of mammoth development projects that displace people and alter their way lives - Kenya human Rights Commission - 18 June 2014
Mass Deportation of Somalis - 23 May 2014
End Abusive Round-Ups - Human Rights Watch - 13 mai 2014
One Year in Office for Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto - Kenya human Rights Commission - FIDH - 24 April 2014
No Justice for 2013 Election Attacks - Human Rights Watch - 24 April 2014
Halt Crackdown on Somalis - Human Rights Watch - 11 April 2014
New Laws Would Undermine Basic Rights - Human Rights Watch - 12 November 2013
Kenyan civil society position against the deferral of ICC cases by the UNSC - 23 October 2013
Why the UN Security Council should reject the application for a deferral of the Kenyan cases before the International criminal court - 23 October 2013
Mt. Elgon Families Seeking Justice - Human Rights Watch - 4 November 2011


Voir également :


Panafricanisme - Union Africaine - Intégration régionale : The struggle continues even at 51 years of the OAU/AU
Afrique du Sud : Memorandum from the South African Progressive Forces for international solidarity
OGM : First GMO seed scandal in Africa: South Africa contaminates the continent
Somalie : People Fleeing Somalia War Secretly Detained
Forum social mondial : Résolutions du Forum social alternatif du Parlement du Peuple
Habitat : Forced evictions reach crisis levels
Habitat : Les expulsions forcées atteignent un niveau critique
Afrique de l’Est : Les défenseurs des droits humains créent un réseau de soutien à leurs collègues menacés
Afrique de l’Est : Human rights defenders form network of support for colleagues at risk
Habitat : A Joint Appeal to African Ministers on urban housing
Habitat : Les expulsions forcées : un scandale en termes de droits humains
Habitat : Forced evictions are a human rights scandal


Site(s) web :

Kenya Human Rights Commission :
Kenya Land Alliance :
Coalition on Violence Against Women - Kenya :
People’s Parliament :
Kenya Debt Relief Network :


Dernier(s) document(s) :

Kenya: From life without peace to peace without life - The treatment of Somali refugees and asylum-seekers in Kenya - Amnesty international - 8 December 2010 (PDF - 1.2 Mb)
“Bring the Gun or You’ll Die” - Torture, Rape, and Other Serious Human Rights Violations by Kenyan Security Forces in the Mandera Triangle - By Human Rights Watch - 29 June 2009 (PDF - 653.2 kb)
The unseen majority: Nairobi’s two million slum-dwellers - By Amnesty international - 12 June 2009 (PDF - 319.2 kb)
Economic Development or Human Rights? Assessing the Impact of Kenya’s Trade and Investment Policies and Agreements on Human Rights - By FIDH and KHRC - 18 December 2008 (PDF - 2 Mb)
Impact of Agricultural Trade and Related Policy Reforms on Food Security in Kenya - Kenya Institute for Public Policy Discussion Paper N° 39 - 1 August 2005 (PDF - 353.9 kb)
HIPC Debt Relief and Sustainability: The Case of Kenya - by AFRODAD - 20 July 2005 (PDF - 369.5 kb)

Thousands forcibly evicted from Kenya’s forests

30 May 2007
Amnesty International - http://www.amnesty.org
Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions - http://www.cohre.org/
Kenya Land Alliance -


Between 2004 and 2006, a massive programme of forced evictions was carried out in forest areas of Kenya. Houses, schools and health centres were destroyed, and many families were rendered homeless. Estimates indicate that in six forests alone, more than one hundred thousand persons were forcibly evicted. Forced evictions in a number of forest areas are reportedly continuing and humanitarian groups have expressed growing concerns about the ongoing increase in internally displaced persons from forest areas in Kenya. The Government of Kenya has in the past indicated that evictions in forest areas will continue.

Amnesty International, the Geneva-based Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), Hakijamii Trust and the Kenya Land Alliance conducted a fact-finding research mission in October 2006 to two areas of the Mau Forest complex (Maasai Mau and Sururu forests) in Kenya to investigate the extent of forced evictions and other related human rights violations. The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights accompanied the mission. Following this mission, the coalition is releasing a report, Nowhere to go: Forced Evictions in Mau Forest, Kenya.

Under international human rights law there can be no justification for forced evictions. The coalition is concerned that while the goal of forest protection is a legitimate one, the means by which the Government of Kenya has sought to achieve it is not. The coalition further believes that the appropriate manner to reconcile the Kenyan government’s interest in environmental protection, and Kenya’s human rights obligations to ensure the right to water and a healthy environment on the one hand, with its obligation to respect, protect and fulfil the right to adequate housing on the other (including the obligation to refrain from forced evictions) is to ensure that evictions are a last resort, are only carried out where necessary, and always in a manner compatible with international human rights law.

The fact-finding mission found that the cases of forced evictions in Mau forest reveal a failure by the Kenyan authorities to abide by international human rights law and standards in respect of evictions. The notice provided was inadequate and confusing and there was no consultation with residents or effort to find an alternative to evicting them from their homes. None of the evictions was carried out on the basis of a court order; on the contrary, a court injunction halting evictions was ignored. Forced evictions were executed with excessive force and the authorities responsible for ensuring respect for the law failed to take appropriate action to stop the abuses or to investigate allegations of human rights violations. Many people were left without shelter, livelihoods, and many lost their possessions.

The coalition deplores the widespread forced evictions in Kenya that continue to be carried out without viable alternative accommodation being made available to those affected. It urges the Kenyan Government to live up to its international human rights obligations, ensure legislation and guidelines are adopted to regulate evictions and act immediately to provide secure and appropriate accommodation for all forcibly evicted families.

Amnesty International, COHRE, Hakijamii, Kenya Land Alliance and Kenya National Commission on Human Rights make the following recommendations, among others, to the Government of Kenya:

- Immediately stop the practice of forced evictions from forest areas and declare and enforce a moratorium on all mass evictions until: (a) guidelines and laws are in place to ensure that any eviction conforms with international human rights standards; (b) there is a thorough consultation with the affected communities and support organisations, which planned evictions are absolutely necessary.

- Complete the drafting of the national guidelines on evictions, currently being led by the Ministry of Lands, in order to guide the elaboration of plans and legislation with regard to evictions, including in forest areas. The national guidelines should specifically address the issue of evictions in forest areas.

- Ensure that victims of forced evictions in the Mau Forest Complex (Maasai Mau and Sururu) all other forest areas are provided with assistance in accordance with international human rights standards, including access to resettlement sites with effective access to basic services and schools.

- Move swiftly to put in place a comprehensive relocation and compensation plan for any proposed evictions, including in forest areas. The resettlement plan must be in accordance with international human rights standards.

- Ensure that each case of illegal or irregular land allocation is investigated separately as to the origins of the allocation, and establish a land tribunal for such purposes as suggested by the Ndungu Commission.

- Coordinate the various activities of Government ministries and agencies that are concerned with forests and/or evictions, and give instructions to all relevant authorities that any evictions may only be carried out in full compliance with international human rights law and standards.




To see a full copy of the report Nowhere to go: Forced Evictions in Mau Forest, Kenya, please go to http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engafr320062007



Accueil | Qui sommes nous ? | Actualité | Dossiers | Pays | Liens
Libération Afrique c/o Cedetim - 21ter, rue Voltaire - 75 011 Paris - France- Tél : +33 (0) 1 43 71 62 12 -
Ce site est réalisé avec PHP, MySQL et SPIP, logiciels libres sous licence GNU/GPL