Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
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Derniers articles :
Industries extractives : jusqu’où la France osera-t-elle la transparence ? - 8 septembre 2014
Lettre ouverte du comité de pilotage Afrique de la campagne "Publiez Ce Que Vous Payez" à Obama - Publish What You Pay campaign - 31 juillet 2014
Les négociants suisses font main basse sur un quart du pétrole africain - Berne Declaration - 21 juillet 2014
Semaine de mobilisation pour mettre fin aux violations des droits humains et à l’impunite des entreprises - 10 juin 2014
Week Of Mobilization To Stop Corporate Crimes And Impunity - 10 June 2014
Appel à un instrument juridiquement contraignant sur les droits humains, les sociétés transnationales et autres entreprises - 1er juin 2014
La proposition législative européenne ne permettra pas de bannir d’Europe les ressources naturelles qui alimentent les conflits - 5 mars 2014
Our Resources, Our Future, Putting Local People First - 6 February 2014
Manifestations et blocages dans les plantations africaines, Vincent Bolloré reçoit les revendications à Paris recule ! - Réseau pour l’action collective transnationale (ReAct) - 5 juin 2013
Declaration of The Alternative Mining Indaba - 5 February 2013
Déclaration de Dakar - Publish What You Pay campaign - 15 juin 2012
Déclaration de Conakry - 15 mars 2011
Voir également :
Afrique du Sud : Sasol Spends Profits On Undermining The State
République démocratique du Congo : How secret payments and a climate of violence helped UK firm open African national park to oil
Niger : Appel pour la protection des défenseurs des droits de l’homme qui réclament plus de transparence et d’équité dans les relations entre l’Etat et les industries extractives au Niger
Tanzanie : Violence Ongoing at Barrick Mine in Tanzania
Nigeria : Shell et le gouvernement nigérian continuent d’ignorer la pollution catastrophique dans le delta du Niger
Afrique du Sud : International Action against Anglo-American and Vedanta
Niger : Arrestation d’Ali Idrissa le jour de la visite de F. Hollande au Niger
Forum social mondial : Crises, Guerres et interventions militaires extérieures pour le contrôle des ressources : quelles réponses des mouvements sociaux africains ?
Libéria : Communities protest that UK’s Equatorial Palm Oil are poised to seize land
Nigeria : Nigeria – Shell : le jugement autorise les requérants nigérians à demander réparation pour la pollution aux hydrocarbures
Cameroun : Un paradis pour les accapareurs de terres : un militant écologiste camerounais confronté à un procès
Kenya : A call to avert development induced poverty as is a common consequence of mammoth development projects that displace people and alter their way lives
Nigeria : UK Crown Protection Service fails to block proceeds of corrupt Nigerian oil deal
Nigeria : Akwa Ibom State Legislators should not legalise waste of public resources
République démocratique du Congo : Il faut enquêter sur les attaques visant les détracteurs d’un projet pétrolier
Site(s) web :
Collectif Total (ex-Elf) ne doit pas faire la loi ! :
Forests Monitor :
Publish What You Pay Campaign :
Global Witness - Resources, Conflict and Corruption :
Oilwatch Africa :
Brainforest Gabon :
Collectif Areva ne fera pas la loi au Niger :
Collectif pour la défense des terres malgaches :
Congo Mines :
European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS) :
Réseau des Organisations pour la Transparence et l’Analyse Budgetaire - ROTAB :
Social Action :
Transparency International :
Dernier(s) document(s) :
Des filets vides, un futur compromis - Comment la surpêche et le changement climatique accélèrent la dégradation des richesses marines en Afrique de l’Ouest - un rapport de Greenpeace - 30 September 2011 (PDF - 3.5 Mb)
Ressources naturelles : mettre l’Union européenne et sa politique commerciale - - 28 February 2011 (PDF - 707.1 kb)
Cette Afrique sui nourrit l’Europe - Rapport de l’expédition 2010 de Greenpeace en Afrique de l’Ouest - 31 March 2010 (PDF - 4.9 Mb)
Des sociétés à irresponsabilité illimitée ! - Par CCFD-Terre Solidaire et Oxfam France - Agir ici - 30 March 2009 (PDF - 1.4 Mb)
Banque européenne d’investissement : six ans de financement du pillage minier en Afrique - Un rapport des Amis de la Terre - 6 November 2007 (PDF - 575.6 kb)
Looting Africa: Some Facts and Figures - By Tax Justice Network for Africa - 1 January 2007 (PDF - 147.3 kb)
Broken vows : Exposing the “Loupe” Holes in the Diamond Industry’s Efforts to Prevent the Trade in Conflict Diamonds - A Report by Global Witness - March 2004 (PDF - 1.9 Mb)
Bottom of the Barrel - Africa’s Oil Boom and the Poor - A Report by CRS - June 2003 (PDF - 1 Mb)
Impacts of Oil, Mining and Logging on Development
23 January 2007
CIDSE - http://www.cidse.org/
The appeal, issued on 23 January in Nairobi, was the result of a two-day workshop of CIDSE partners from leading civil society organisations and networks from Africa, Asia and Latin America, all working on human rights, environment, and transparency and accountability with a view to the extractive industries in their countries.
Recommendations by members of civil society organisations to governments, companies, International Financial Institutions and the United Nations concerning the impacts of oil, mining and logging on development.
We the undersigned members of civil society organisations believe that a country’s natural resources belong to its citizens and should be used in the best interests of the people. These natural resources are God given and should serve all mankind and future generations.
We are deeply concerned that rather than benefit from their natural resources, local people in areas of natural resource exploitation, such as oil, gas, mining and logging, experience increased poverty. We note the loss of livelihoods, violent conflict, persistent human rights violations, environmental degradation and corruption, with particularly adverse consequences for women. The competition for limited natural resources threatens human security worldwide.
WE THEREFORE CALL
to develop and ensure compliance with clear policies and legal frameworks to control extractive industries effectively. Such policies and legislation should be in line with international human rights and environmental standards, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of all Discrimination against Women, indigenous peoples’ human rights safeguards and the ILO Core Labour Standards;
to hold companies accountable for their extractive activities, wherever they operate.
to require independent environmental, social and human rights impact assessments and publish the results at an early stage and in a form that is accessible and comprehensive to the population affected. Such impact assessments should form the basis of an informed decision by all stakeholders as to whether extractive projects are in the best interests of the people.
We particularly call on governments of the South
to include in their legal frameworks a guarantee for the genuine participation of local communities at all stages of extractive projects;
to only grant licences for extractive industries’ operations with the free, prior and informed consent of the local community;
to allow for renegotiation of contracts which are not in the best interests of affected communities;
to improve transparency with regard to revenue management by signing up to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and to guarantee a fair and equitable distribution of such revenues, in order to serve poverty reduction;
to immediately end all harassment and intimidation of individuals advocating against corruption, human rights violations and environmental destruction associated with natural resource exploitation.
We particularly call on governments of the North
to implement mechanisms necessary to change patterns of consumptions of their populations and promote the sustainable use of energy and other natural resources;
to deny export credits and investment guarantees to those companies that do not meet the highest internationally accepted standards including the OECD guidelines for multinational enterprises, the ILO Core Labour Standards and Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) reporting criteria.
On Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises
to respect their contracts with host governments, which must be in line with national laws and international human rights and environmental standards, as detailed above;
to obtain the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous people and local communities before operations commence and to respect the right of such communities to say “No” to projects that are not in their best interests. Such free, prior and informed consent must be a condition of any contract signed with the host government;
to sign up to the EITI and ensure publication of all payments and contracts made to governments;
to ensure that their operations do not cause or exacerbate conflict. Where it does, to suspend operations until the conflict has been resolved to the satisfaction of all parties.
On International Financial Institutions
to end their policies of wholesale liberalisation and privatisation of the extractives sector. International Financial Institutions, such as the International Monetary Fund, World Bank and Regional Development Banks should consider the particular circumstances of each country and the right of its population to determine their own development;
to insist on mandatory independent monitoring of projects which recognize the full participation of civil society;
to observe a moratorium on the funding of extractive projects to evaluate the costs and benefits of extractive industries, taking into consideration the economic, social and environmental impacts, including loss of biodiversity and climate change;
specifically the World Bank should enforce the implementation of the original recommendations of the Extractive Industries Review report which includes the need to secure the free, prior and informed consent of local people.
On the United Nations
We call on the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General on Business and Human Rights to develop an effective mandatory regulatory human rights framework for Transnational Corporations and other business enterprises that allows for sanctions in severe cases of non-compliance.
We call on the General Assembly and on all UN member states to support the approval of the Draft Declaration of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, including their right to free, prior and informed consent, and to extend this right to all affected local communities.
As we make these demands on the stakeholders identified above, and as we set up strategies and mechanisms towards holding them accountable to the highest standards, we want to state here that we ourselves (CIDSE and other Civil Society organisations) are constantly reviewing our development paradigms and are determined to change our patterns of behaviour wherever such impede wholesome human development, or where they are found to contradict our commitment to human rights, human dignity, lasting peace and solidarity.
Issued at the World Social Forum, Nairobi, 23 January 2007 by CIDSE and partner organisations from across the globe.
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