Solidarité internationale et luttes sociales en Afrique subsaharienne
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Derniers articles :
Une mobilisation pour les libertés inspirée des évènements en Tunisie et en Égypte sévèrement réprimée par le service national de renseignement et de sécurité - FIDH - African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies - 10 février 2011
Sudanese Civil Society Leaders Urge African Union and Special Envoys to Confront the Failure and Implications of Recent Elections in Sudan - 5 May 2010
Oil production figures underpinning Sudan’s peace agreement don’t add up - Global Witness - 14 September 2009
New Darfur Attacks Show Civilians Still at Risk - Human Rights Watch - 28 October 2008
De nouvelles attaques au Darfour montrent que les civils sont toujours en danger - Human Rights Watch - 28 octobre 2008
Des centaines de personnes détenues sans inculpation au Soudan après l’attaque du 10 mai - Amnesty International - 20 août 2008
Sudan holds hundreds without charge after 10 May attack - Amnesty International - 20 August 2008
Le Président Al-Bashir recherché par le Procureur de la CPI pour des charges de génocide - FIDH - Sudan Organisation Against Torture (SOAT) - 14 juillet 2008
President Al-Bashir sought by the ICC Prosecutor for charges of genocide - FIDH - Sudan Organisation Against Torture (SOAT) - 14 July 2008
Les camps du Darfour noyés sous les armes - Amnesty International - 22 janvier 2008
Notorious Janjaweed Leader Promoted - Human Rights Watch - 20 January 2008
UN: Demand Arrests of Darfur Suspects - Human Rights Watch - 4 December 2007
Voir également :
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Afrique : insécurité, troubles politiques et conflits armés à l’origine de violations des droits syndicaux
Travail - Emploi - Syndicalisme : Africa: Insecurity, political unrest and armed conflict at the root of trade union rights violations
Afrique Centrale : Des centaines de personnes enlevées en Afrique centrale
Lutte contre l’impunité : Crimes of sexual violence: Overcoming taboos, ending stigmatisation, fighting impunity
Lutte contre l’impunité : Crimes sexuels : Briser le tabou, lutter contre l’impunité
République centrafricaine : Le respect de la loi et le maintien de l’ordre disparaissent, tandis que les civils fuient la violence et les tueries
République centrafricaine : Law and order collapsing as civilians flee violence and killings
Tchad : Les gouvernements de la région doivent cesser tout soutien aux groupes armés
Tchad : Civilians left unprotected as brutal Janjawid attacks reach 150 kilometres inside Chad
Tchad : Arab Civilians Also Targeted by Militias
Tchad : Les civils d’origine arabe également visés par les milices
Tchad : Alors que les Janjawids lancent de nouvelles attaques dans l’est du Tchad, Amnesty International appelle à la protection des civils
Tchad : Amnesty International calls for protection of civilians as Janjawid renew attacks on Eastern Chad
Habitat : Les expulsions forcées atteignent un niveau critique
Afrique de l’Est : Les défenseurs des droits humains créent un réseau de soutien à leurs collègues menacés
Site(s) web :
Vigilance Soudan :
European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS) :
Sudan Organisation Against Torture (SOAT) :
Urgence Darfour :
African Center for Justice and Peace Studies :
Dernier(s) document(s) :
Sauver la paix au Sud-Soudan - Rapport conjoint d’ONG - 25 January 2010 (PDF - 692.1 kb)
Fuelling Mistrust: The need for transparency in Sudan’s oil industry - Report by Global Witness - 7 November 2009 (PDF - 4.5 Mb)
A Tale of Two Genocides: The Failed U.S. Response to Rwanda and Darfur - By Africa Action - 9 September 2006 (PDF - 282.4 kb)
Soil and Oil: Dirty Business in Sudan - A report by The Coalition for International Justice - 7 May 2006 (PDF - 1.9 Mb)
To Save Darfur - International Crisis Group - Africa Report N°105 - 17 March 2006 (PDF - 817.4 kb)
Entrenching Impunity: Government Responsibility for International Crimes in Darfur - A Report by Human Rights Watch - 12 December 2005 (PDF - 2.3 Mb)
The Khartoum-SPLM Agreement: Sudan’s Uncertain Peace - Africa Report Nº96, International Crisis Group - 25 July 2005 (PDF - 481.3 kb)
Darfur Destroyed: Ethnic Cleansing by Government and Militia Forces in Western Sudan - A Report by Human Rights Watch - May 2004 (PDF - 2.4 Mb)
Regional Government Pays Ugandan Rebels Not to Attack
Officials Must Arrest Lord’s Resistance Army Leaders
2 June 2006
Human Rights Watch - http://www.hrw.org/
The new regional government of Southern Sudan has ignored the International Criminal Court’s warrants for the arrest of four top Ugandan rebel leaders, Human Rights Watch said today. The regional government, which acknowledges that the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has committed grave abuses, has an obligation to help bring its leaders to justice.
On May 2, representatives of the Southern Sudan government met in southern Sudan with LRA leader Joseph Kony and his second-in-command, Vincent Otti, who are subjects of arrest warrants issued by the International Criminal Court. In a digital recording of the meeting made by the Sudanese participants, Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, vice-president of the regional government, can be seen handing over bundles of cash to Kony. On the recording, the vice-president is heard cautioning Kony not to use the money for ammunition.
“Southern Sudan’s leaders should arrest people accused of horrific war crimes, not give them food and money,” said Jemera Rone, East Africa coordinator at Human Rights Watch.
The LRA began its war to topple Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni in 1986. The rebels, based in northern Uganda, struck fear in the civilian population by carrying out mutilations, killings and forced recruitment of child soldiers mostly from the Acholi people of northern Uganda. In December 2003, Museveni invited the International Criminal Court to investigate the LRA. On October 14, 2005 the court issued warrants for the arrest of the top five LRA leaders: Kony and Otti, who attended the May 2 meeting; and Okot Odhiambo, Raska Lukwiya and Dominic Ongwen (deceased). They are accused of crimes against humanity and war crimes.
In 1994, the LRA started operating from bases in Southern Sudan. The Sudanese government provided the LRA sanctuary in territory along the border, as well military and food supplies, allegedly in retaliation for Ugandan government support of the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A).
In 2005, the Sudanese government and the SPLM/A signed a peace agreement. The former SPLM rebel group is now the ruling political party in Southern Sudan’s government. The LRA, which began to attack and loot the property of southern Sudanese civilians once supplies from Khartoum started to dwindle, has continued attacking, abducting and looting Sudanese civilians despite the peace agreement between the LRA’s Sudanese backers and the SPLM rebels.
The former Sudanese rebels now heading the southern regional government said that the meeting with Kony was meant to stop LRA attacks in southern Sudan. If the LRA agreed to this, the Southern Sudanese government stated that it would mediate peace talks between the LRA and the Ugandan government.
The regional Sudanese government defended its actions of May 2 in the media and to the Sudanese public by saying that it gave the LRA food, reportedly five tons, and some cash, reportedly US$20,000, to purchase more food supplies. The LRA has claimed that it attacked Sudanese civilians to feed its troops.
“These payments have stopped the LRA’s attacks on civilians in Sudan, at the cost of rewarding the LRA,” said Rone. “What happens when the government stops paying?”
Several Southern Sudanese parliamentarians interviewed by Human Rights Watch during an 18-day mission to Southern Sudan in May expressed surprise that their government gave food and money to the LRA when there are many displaced southern Sudanese still recovering from the long civil war who are in need of such assistance.
A key component of the agreement reached between the LRA and the government of Southern Sudan at the May 2 meeting was that the LRA would accept Southern Sudan’s mediation and enter into peace negotiations with the Ugandan government. Kony listed several demands to be put to the Ugandan government, including amnesty from prosecution by Uganda and the ICC.
On May 13, Southern Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and his delegation attended the Kampala inauguration of Museveni, recently elected to a third term as president of Uganda. According to media reports and interviews Human Rights Watch conducted with several Sudanese present at the event, the Sudanese delegation met with the Ugandan president and showed him the recording made of the May 2 meeting with Kony and the LRA. Museveni agreed to talks with Kony mediated by the Southern Sudanese.
Museveni publicly said that if the talks were successful, he would give the LRA leaders amnesty and protect them against ICC prosecution. The ICC then reminded the Ugandan government of its obligations as a party to the ICC to arrest Kony and the other men who are the subject of arrest warrants.
Riek Machar told Human Rights Watch that the ICC represented “European justice,” ignoring the fact that Museveni had invited the ICC to Uganda. The vice-president, citing Southern Sudan’s multiple challenges of establishing a new democracy in a long-neglected and war-torn area, said his fledgling government could not be the “police of the world.”
At a celebration of SPLM/A Day on May 16 in Juba, Southern Sudan’s capital, President Salva Kiir said that he met with European diplomats while in Kampala about this Uganda peace initiative. He claimed that the diplomats signaled that peace between the LRA and the Ugandan government was a higher priority than the arrest of the persons wanted by the ICC. Human Rights Watch has not verified this claim. Human Rights Watch called on all countries to respect demands of justice and accountability.
Representatives of the Southern Sudanese government told Human Rights Watch in May that it had given the LRA two months to meet with the Ugandan government for peace negotiations, indicating that they wanted an early resolution of the issue and would not continue indefinitely to provide food assistance to the LRA. If the Southern Sudanese peace initiative failed, the regional government would ask the LRA to withdraw from its territory, engaging the LRA in combat if it refused to leave. It would also ask Ugandan government troops to leave Sudan and for the Ugandans to take their war back to their own country, “where it belongs.”
Southern Sudan’s current leaders were rebels who until January 2005 waged a 21-year war against the National Congress government of Sudan, which came to power in 1989 by a military coup led by the Islamist congress. In that month, the SPLM signed a peace agreement in which the government and rebels formed a new government of national unity.
The parties to the peace compact agreed that the National Congress would hold 52 percent and the SPLM 28 percent of executive and legislative positions in the new government. The SPLM formed an autonomous regional government in the southern region and took over 70 percent of executive and legislative positions. The SPLM succeeded in keeping its army, the SPLA, as a separate national army and in winning the right to a southern self-determination referendum in 2011.
The Southern Sudanese government has taken a markedly different approach to the LRA than the National Congress, which never attempted publicly to broker a peace deal between the Ugandan government and the LRA. Since 1994, the National Congress government supported the LRA with training, weapons, ammunition and food in bases in Southern Sudan bordering on northern Uganda. It used the LRA militia to fight the SPLM/A in southern Sudan as well as to cause upheaval in northern Uganda.
The National Congress government publicly denied its support for the LRA, but privately blamed it on Museveni’s support for the SPLM/A. Museveni said he backed the SPLM politically but not militarily.
In 2001, the U.S. State Department designated the LRA a terrorist organization. The government of Sudan in 2002 gave consent for the Ugandan army to conduct military operations in southern Sudan against the LRA; that permission has been extended continuously to date. In the four years of operations in southern Sudan, the Ugandan forces have not succeeded in capturing Kony. Since the SPLM rebels took over the regional government, the Ugandan army has coordinated some attacks on the LRA with the regional army of Southern Sudan (formerly the rebel SPLA).
Peace initiatives between the Ugandan government and the LRA have had few results. A peace initiative by former Ugandan government minister Betty Bigombe in 2004 collapsed before direct talks were held with Joseph Kony. The Southern Sudanese meeting on May 2 with Kony was believed to be the first meeting Kony has held with outsiders for a decade.
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